New Cholesterol Guidelines for Heart Health that People Should Know

Heart Disease is one of the major reasons for deaths in the US. The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology have a number of medical experts from around the country, who are present on the writing committee. They have now released an updated list of guidelines on how one should manage cholesterol, so as to minimize the risk pertaining to heart attack, stroke and death. The new guidelines put forward, call for a lot more aggressive treatment with statin therapy. They feel that treatment through this therapy will ensure getting the exact counts of LDL cholesterol.

Cholesterol is basically a kind of fat, which is found in blood and cells. It moves in bundles known as lipoproteins. Cholesterol as a whole is not bad. There are two forms of cholesterol, LDL and HDL. LDL, as already mentioned earlier is the unhealthy cholesterol. It gets built up in arteries, hence forming plaques, which can block the flow of oxygen that carries blood to major organs in the body. It is also associated with cardiovascular problems like heart attacks and stroke. The LDL levels are influenced by the kind of food one eats, genes, the functioning of the liver and other factors.  On the other hand, HDL is the good cholesterol. It manages to take extra cholesterol out of arteries and helps to deliver it to the liver, thus removing it from the body.

In order to know if one requires lowering his or her cholesterol level, people can undergo three tests. They are, a non-fasting blood test for measuring the level of LDL, and then get the Coronary artery calcium score and then Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Estimator. Apart from this information through these tests, people can look to lower down their cholesterol by bringing forth changes in lifestyle. For this, they can do exercises, consume a healthy diet and quit smoking, which can easily prevent around 80 percent of heart diseases. Still, these changes may not be enough to lower the LDL level, thus can further require intervention from the statin. Statins help to prevent heart attacks by lowering down the LDL and reduce inflammation. Whatever step people take, the new study clearly recommends that one should talk to their doctor to find out the appropriate LDL level for an individual.

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